Questions about example sentences with, and the definition and usage of "Romans"

The meaning of "Romans" in various phrases and sentences

Q: What does I think the Romans must have aggravated one another very much with their noses. Perhaps they became the restless people they were in conquence anyhow. mean?
A: This is from a much larger context of Great Expectations by Charles Dickens. The boy saying it is upset by the negative things being said about him. Romans are known to have large hooked/bent noses, so he is expressing anger in an unkind and humorous way.
Q: What does The Greek and Romans used it for anything from beehives to sandals. mean?
A: ギリシャ人とローマ人は、養蜂箱からサンダルまでも、なんでもで(何かを)使っていました。

Other questions about "Romans"

Q: “The ancient Romans were great builders. Several of their buildings still stand today. They are among Rome’s famous landmarks.The Pantheon is a temple dedicated to the many Roman gods of mythology. The Roman Colosseum is a four-story amphitheater. An amphitheater is like a football stadium. The Colosseum is where Roman citizens once watched gladiators fight to the death. The Roman Forum was the political center of ancient Rome. The senate building and law courts were there, along with shops and religious buildings.”
- According to the paragraph, I think sentences “Roman citizens watched gladiators fight to the death in the Colosseum” and “the Roman Colosseum is an amphitheater with four floors”
are both true but the second one is correct, idk why 😭
A: All the sentences are written correctly.
Q: The Romans' bridges and roads were vital for moving the troops' supplies. does this sound natural?
A: Check the question to view the answer
Q: The Romans began to regret inviting him into the city, complaining that they had never asked him to invade Italy. When Witigis heard of their grumbling he sent an envoy to demoralize them further. Having denounced them for their treachery he then reproached them for having, as Procopius tells us, ‘exchanged the power of the Goths for Greeks, who were not able to defend them, although they had never before seen an army of the Greek race come to Italy except actors of tragedy or mime and thieving sailors’.
A: Actors of tragedy or mime and thieving sailors means actual actors and sailors that traveled to Italy before this event. They’re saying they had never seen anyone Greek before, except Greek actors or Greek sailors that happened to travel to Italy, so they were completely unfamiliar with the Greek army that came and invaded them.
Q: Romans were doubtless brushing up on their Greek grammar as fast as they could.  They would have needed it. More than a century earlier Latin had ceased to be the official language of the Eastern Empire,  and now few high officials spoke anything but Greek.

I'm not sure about the last sentence. Does that mean only high officials could speak Greek?

Thanks in advance.
A: The last sentence is a complicated way of saying "many high officials spoke Greek. You'll find very few who did not speak Greek."

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