Questions about example sentences with, and the definition and usage of "Adverbial"

The meaning of "Adverbial" in various phrases and sentences

Q: What does What is an adverbial form of Friendly? mean?
A: We have to say something like “ a friendly way/fashion”
He answered her question in a calm and friendly way.
Q: What does adverbial mean?
A: (noun): a word or phrase functioning as a major clause constituent and typically expressing place ( in the garden ), time ( in May ), or manner ( in a strange way ).

(adjective): relating to or functioning as an adverb or adverbial.

Example sentences using "Adverbial"

Q: Please show me example sentences with negative adverbials. .
A: These are examples: "Seldom" do I go to parties, because I don't like crowds. "Never" have I seen stars in the sky.

Synonyms of "Adverbial" and their differences

Q: What is the difference between By and With as an adverbial phrase of manner ?
A: With is followed by a noun (not a gerund). It is used to describe:
1)The tool you use to do something.
2) The manner in which you do something.
I hit him with a pillow.
He whipped the cream with a fork.
She drew a line with a pencil.
He answered with great solemnity.
She replied with alacrity.
He returned with his head hung low.

By is followed by 1) a gerund, 2) a noun. It is used to describe how you do something.
I got out of trouble by pretending to be asleep.
I made her laugh by pulling a funny face.
We figured out where to go by looking at a map.
She came by bus/ car/ bike/ hovercraft

Other questions about "Adverbial"

Q: When I'm learning adverbial clauses of place, my grammar book says that affected by our own mother language, Chinese, we tend to structure sentences such as "go to the place where you are needed badly". Like, we are used to address a noun first. But in English, such sentence can be simplified into "go where you are needed badly". I just wonder, is it because it's a intransitive verb that it could be simplified that way? Or is it because of something else? Could you show me more examples of that in English?
A: I think it’s just implied that it’s a place! For example, "i have put it where i can find it again" where i can find it again implies where it’s put!
Q: which adverbial clause should I use for this sentence ___________ she almost died, she was afraid to swim there.
when/before/after/while/as/every time/whenever????
thanks in advance
A: After she almost died, she was afraid to swim there.

The timeline would be:
she almost died - > she was afraid

"She almost died" - this happened first, AFTER that came the fear, so that's why we use after in the sentence. :)
Q: What is adverbial? in syntax
A: An adverbial is a word or phrase functioning as a major clause constituent
1) adverbials of manner
to say how something happens or how smtg is done:
The baby slept “contentedly”
2) adverbials of place
to say where something happens:
David was studying “in the library”.
3) adverbials of time
to say when or how often something happens:
The exam will take place “in June”.

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