Questions about example sentences with, and the definition and usage of "Effortful"

The meaning of "Effortful" in various phrases and sentences

Q: What does effortful smile mean?
A: it's like when you don't feel like smiling but for any reason you have to smile, like a fake smile, so you're putting to much effort in that smile
Q: What does The effortful ways of working are the efficient ones, but putting in more effort is a negative cost.

in this sentence, what is the meaning of “negative cost”?? mean?
A: Google: “The Effort Paradox: Effort Is Both Costly and Valued.”

Negative Cost: ‘Effort Is Costly’

‘The notion that effort is costly (that organisms find it aversive and tend to avoid it) is supported by many lines of evidence. Tasks that require effort typically increase sympathetic nervous system activity, including increasing blood pressure, ventilation, sweating, pupil dilation, and plasma norepinephrine release’

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