Questions about example sentences with, and the definition and usage of "Surmise"

  • The meaning of "Surmise" in various phrases and sentences

    1. Meanings of words and phrases
    2. It means to hypothesize, conclude, or make an educated guess

    1. Meanings of words and phrases
    2. Surmise to guess that something is true without having evidence to confirm it.

    1. Meanings of words and phrases
    2. To assume something is true with no proof.

  • Example sentences using "Surmise"

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    2. Yes, you could also say those things. When you say "I think" it's your own opinion. If you say "I guess", you are not sure but are just assuming the reason.

    1. Example sentences
    2. From your question, I surmise that you are trying to learn or improve your English.

  • Similar words to "Surmise" and their differences

    1. Similar words
    2. Infer: making decisions based on evidence or facts, usually based on a logical process Speculate: making assumptions without reference to facts Surmise is similar to infer

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    2. A really great question! Hard even for English speakers. Surmise is to believe something without proof or facts, a guess. Assume is to believe something because it is known already, or it has happened before. Examples: I surmised he was up to no good. (I don't know that, but I am guessing.) I assumed gas prices would be higher this summer. (Gas prices are always higher in summer!) I hope this helps

  • Other questions about "Surmise"

    1. Other types of questions
    2. Supposing and assuming mean the same thing, i.e. taking something to be true for the time being. Note that it doesn't have to be necessarily true. For instance: He assumed that his friend could have cheated on the test. Suppose means that you assume the thing is true, but you have no real evidence. Used in scientific terms often. For instance: Supposing that the Higgs Boson does exist with these properties, this would mean that we are closer to solving the Theory of Everything. Compared to suppose, assume is used in literature and sometimes in daily conversation. Suppose is quite rare nowadays. Speculate is a more scientific term than suppose. It means to guess at something. For instance: Alexis Bouvard speculated that Neptune existed beyond the orbit of Uranus due to the orbital changes in Uranus from an elliptical orbit. Unlike the case of assume or suppose, where you know that it could be wrong and are ready to accept the fact that it could be wrong, speculate is stronger in connotation, meaning that you are firm in your beliefs, even if you don't have evidence. Speculate also can be used to predict the weather or any phenomenon. Surmise is the same as suppose, used in detective stories and novels. It is also used as a noun, which is the only difference it has from assume and suppose. Presume is a little different word than the 4 above words. In the above 4 scenarios, you will be doing the assuming or speculating after some evidence like stuff that you encounter. But presume means you do the assuming even before you encounter any facts. It can be used instead of suppose, though. Presume carries a similar relationship with prejudice. For instance: After Alice saw Bob have a chocolate bar in his hand, since she knew Bob didn't have any money on him, she assumed that he had stolen it, when actually the shopkeeper gave it to him as a gift. Charles was quite cautious of his friends. So, when David said he couldn't come to the party, Charles presumed that David had a secret girlfriend, when David had actually caught a cold and was bedridden. In the two cases, you can see that Alice had a good reason to worry that Bob stole it, even though she was wrong, but Charles had no suspicions or indications that David had a girlfriend. He thought that way not because of logical reasons, but because he was prejudiced towards the fact that if David didn't want to come to the party, it was because he had a girlfriend, even though that is completely false and has no relation to why he wouldn't come.

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    2. @korean678 You are most welcome.

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    2. Thank you.

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