Japanese is totally different from European languages. 1) The grammars are totally different. 2) The writing systems are totally different. 3) The pronunciation ways are totally different. 4)Words are totally different, but Japanese includes many words derived from English or other foreign languages.
I think the most hard part is learning writing systems. Japanese has kanji (ideograms), hiragana and katakana (phonograms) . Kanji usually used is around over 2,000 and they have multiple meanings.
It seems to be relatively easy for Chinese speakers (as Japanese characters, Kanji, were imported from China thousands of years ago) and Korean speakers (grammar is quite similar and these two languages share a small part of vocabulary). For the rest, it should be one of the most difficult languages to learn.
A study says to understand 90% of daily conversation, you need 1000 words in French, 3000 words in English, 5000 words in German, and 10000 words in Japanese. I also feel the Japanese language has larger variations when it comes to vocabulary compared to English.
Another difficult point is honorifics. Japan is a Confucianism-based society where relationships between people and priority/inferiority in the relationship matter a lot. You have to select appropriate expressions even to say a simple thing. For example, when you are trying to say "eat it", it varies like below. (They don't write sentences with the Roman alphabet in Japanese, of course.) Including this, Japanese grammar is not easy at all.
to your friend/family: Tabe nayo. with some politeness: Meshiagare. *This can be used by your mom as a fixed expression though. to your superior: Omeshiagari kudasai./Go-shomi kudasai.
europe has many different languages. to me pronunciation is more easy for Spanish speakers. but I see it more dificul for English speakers. when I see English speakers pronounce Japanese they always have rare pronunciation. for Spanish speakers the tone is maybe the most difficult for pronunciation. but we share the problem of the kanji. kanji are a pain. specially if you are a busy person with not much time to study it. but sure Japanese it's hard. writing is very difficult. well I would not say very difficult. you just need time and a lot of patience. because it is boring to learn. I have also bad memory and forget all I learn about kanji. maybe Japanese abolish kanji before I learn it. when I say pronunciation is more easy for Spanish speakers I don't want to say it is easy. is not easy at all. we don't have doble consonants and the tone is difficult too. you have to listen a lot of Japanese to learn the tone. I'm a beginner anyway so maybe this perception of the language will change in the future for me.
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Has difficulty understanding even short answers in this language.
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