Yes, I am interested in history and I love history very much. I will try to answer your question as much as I can. But frankly, it is difficult to give a single answer to this question. Really great leaders passed in Turkish history.but if I have to choose from, let me pick two :) . I think one of them is undoubtedly the 2nd Abdulhamit Han.( 1842-1908)When Abdulhamit ascended the throne, the Ottoman Empire was about to fall.All sides of the state were full of traitors.The state was dealing with both internal enemies and external enemies.Abdulhamit, who came to the throne at this time, is a real political genius that extended the life of the Ottoman Empire for 33 years.Many historians have done research and said about this subject: If Abdulhamit had not been deposed, the Ottoman Empire would have stood up again.Many historians have done research and said about this subject: If Abdulhamit had not been deposed, the Ottoman Empire would have stood up again.Prens Bismarck said about Abdulhamit : "if there are 100 grams of mind in the world, 90 of it is in Abdulhamit, 5 in me, and 5 in other politicians in the world."He has made numerous beauties and innovations to the Ottoman Empire. One of them is the construction of a railway between Damascus and Madinah (Hijaz Railway).He first considered building a bridge to the Bosphorus and had a project prepared in this regard.He gave great importance to scientists and scholars, he opened many schools.Also, when Theodor Herzl asked Abdulhamit to sell the Palestinian land to Jews with money, Abdulhamit never allowed such a thing by saying, "These lands are not mine, we bought them with our blood."I can count thousands more like this but I don't want to bore you.And unfortunately, after his 33-year reign, he was dethroned by rebels in the country or by those supported by foreign states.Abdulhamit worried that innocent blood would be shed in the country if he did not get down from the throne, and he descended on his own will.
Another genius I will say is Mehmet II (Fatih Sultan Mehmet).He was on the throne for 30 years. The reason I think he is really one of the great sultans is that when he was only 21, he conquered Istanbul( Constantinople) and ended the 1000-year-old Byzantine Empire.When he surrounded Istanbul to take it, he realized an ingenious idea of running the ships from the land.The Byzantines were really shocked when they saw the Ottoman ships in the Golden Horn when they got up in the morning.At this point, Fatih never gave up to take Istanbul, stopped siege (siege lasted 53 days) and finally succeeded.Taking Istanbul was his biggest dream.It even has a very famous saying: either I take Istanbul or Istanbul takes me..In addition, this event was regarded by many historians as the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Modern Age. That is why he was also called Ruler of the Age".Fatih also knew Arabic, Persian, Latin, Greek and Italian. In the meantime, I want to tell the following event. In 1444, when Fatih was just 12, his father sent a letter to his son when he was in a war and wanted him to come to the throne.Fatih passed the throne for a short time, but then sent a letter to his father:If you are a sultan, come and command your armies, if I am the sultan, obey my command and become the commander of your armies. Then his father came to the throne again.By the way, I would like to say that When Istanbul was conquered, the Byzantine people living there were never touched and persecuted. On the contrary, they were allowed to live their religion as they wish, and they lived peacefully in Ottoman lands with tolerance and justice.The Byzantine people, who did not give up Orthodox even under the most difficult conditions, preferred to be ruled by the Ottomans rather than owing them to the Latin.Lukas Notaras expressed the feelings of the Byzantine people and said, "I prefer Turkish turban rather than seeing a Latin cone in the city."From the churches in Istanbul, only "Hagia Sophia" has been converted into a mosque. No other church has been touched.