8 Jul 2017

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What is the difference between 伝説 and 神話?
Feel free to just provide example sentences.

Is the difference in meaning between 伝説 and 神話 the same as the one between legend and myth in English?


神話 (myth), 伝説 (legend):

A legend is presumed to have some basis in historical fact and tends to mention real people or events. Historical fact morphs into a legend when the truth has been exaggerated to the point that real people or events have taken on a romanticized, "larger than life" quality. In contrast, a myth is a type of symbolic storytelling that was never based on fact. Throughout time, myths have sought to explain difficult concepts (e.g., the origin of the universe) with the help of common story devices, such as personification and allegories.

These words are commonly used interchangeably to refer to the fictitious nature of something. Historically and academically, however, there is a difference.


Can I use them interchangeably when talking colloquially?

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