Q: Lucy, with whom I drove home yesterday, has a Rolls Royce. とはどういう意味ですか?
A: it means that lucy haves a rolls royce(a car)
the words between the "," were used to give more information about lucy(cause maybe the other person does not know who lucy is)
Q: Lucy is a lot of dog, I wouldn't call her a dog for a first time dog owner. とはどういう意味ですか?
A: "A lot of dog" essentially means that the dog is a lot to handle (compared to other dogs she is EVEN MORE of a dog). The dog is probably very excitable or restless. Therefore, it would be a difficult dog to take care of for a first time owner.
Lucy is doing well. Yep, she’s holding up well, I just rode her around Manhattan this morning, so I’m happy to have her.
Alessandro: Great! Just to let you know, Lucy is Rachel’s new bike, 

A: it's like "she's withstanding good"
Q: Lucy is as tall as her mother. とはどういう意味ですか?
A: Lucy's height = Lucy's mother's height


Q: Lucy has been running 2000 meters today. と Lucy has run 2000 meters today. はどう違いますか?
A: "Lucy has run 2000 metres today." is correct.
Q: Lucy brought up a sensitive topic at last week's meeting. と Luch brought up a sensitive topic at last week's meeting. はどう違いますか?
A: At last week’s meeting이라고 하시는게 더 좋을 것 같아요. 굳이 the를 쓰고 싶으시면 In the last week's meeting’이라고 하셔야 돼요. 예) In the last week's meeting, we talked about our marketing strategies.
Q: Lucy can't have done such a cruel thing と Lucy couldn't do such a cruel thing はどう違いますか?
A: The first one, "have done" is in a present perfect. The action began in the past and whose effects continue in the present. From the sentence, it also has a nuance of disbelief/denial for such action (which has been done) to be done by such person.

Do is in the present tense. But from the sentence it has a nuance of certainty/expectation that such an action is not (present) and will not be done (future) by such person.

Hope that helps and doesn't confuse you 🙂


Q: Lucy is going to the park and she is taking the dog for a walk は 英語 (アメリカ) で何と言いますか?
A: Lucy .. not Lacy) .. that’s the only correction)
Q: Lucy は 英語 (アメリカ) で何と言いますか?
A: QAの全文をご確認ください
Q: Lucy has grown up by the love of people around.however, when Lucy enrolled in elementary school,problems we're encountered. は 英語 (アメリカ) で何と言いますか?
A: Lucy has grown up surrounded by love from people around her. However, when Lucy enrolled in elementary school, she encountered problems.
Q: Lucy is elder than her husband or older than は 英語 (イギリス) で何と言いますか?


Q: A: Hello, is Lucy available?
B: Please stay on the line, I'll transfer your call to her.
B: Please stay on the line, I'll transfer you to her.

Are B's answers the same?
A: the first B choice is the right one..
Q: Because Lucy has long legs she pedals.
How to explain in English?
legs, she and pedals are belong noun.
and what constituent every word in this sentend? Thanks
A: Because Lucy has long legs, she pedals.
Lucy pedals because she has long legs.

Here are the parts of speech in this sentence.

Because (conjunction)
Lucy (proper noun, the girl's name)
has (verb)
long (adjective, describing "legs")
legs (noun)
she (pronoun = Lucy) This is the subject of the sentence, not the object.
pedals (main verb) "Pedal" (plural "pedals") can be a noun, but in this sentence, it's a verb.

"Lucy" or "she" is the subject of this sentence, not the object. If you said "Lucy pedals a bike", then "bike" would be the object.
Q: Lucy runs _____________(slow) in her class.
A: Most slowly is a comparison. If you have:
Tim runs slowly. Anna runs more slowly. Lucy runs most slowly.
That would work.
Q: Lucy has grown up surrounded by love from people around her. However, when She enrolled in elementary school, encountered a problem.
She refused to study because she thought I don't have to acquire knowledge than Sam.
Teachers at school feel uneasy about that situation. They contacted welfare administration and They informed that life circle with him is not good in the future of Lucy. この表現は自然ですか?
A: Lucy grew up surrounded by love from those around her. However, when she enrolled in elementary school, she encountered a problem.
She refused to study, thinking she didn't need to study like Sam. She thought she was smart enough.
The teachers, feeling uneasy about it, contacted the welfare administration. They informed them of their assumptions about Lucy, concerned for her future.
(This sounds more natural, and can be used in a story.)
Q: Lucy was assumed to have left the day before.

Why do we use "the day before" and not "yesterday" here? I've always thought it's used when using reported speech, but there's not.
A: yesterday = вчера
"the day before" refers to an unstated context.
If today is Friday and I am talking about Tuesday, thinking that Lucy left Monday, then I need to say "Lucy left the day before". If I said yesterday, then that would mean Thursday.